Case Report

Oesophagogastric intussusception associated with spirocercosis in a dog

Kirsten J. Vrdoljak, Nicolette Cassel, Eran Dvir
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 85, No 1 | a1065 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v85i1.1065 | © 2014 Kirsten J. Vrdoljak, Nicolette Cassel, Eran Dvir | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 June 2013 | Published: 27 August 2014

About the author(s)

Kirsten J. Vrdoljak, Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Nicolette Cassel, Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Eran Dvir, Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

An oesophagogastric intussusception was diagnosed in an intact Bull Terrier female aged 2 years and 7 months with a concurrent Spirocerca lupi infection. The dog was presented collapsed with a history of inappetance and lethargy of one day’s duration. Anaemia and melaena were present on clinical examination. Thoracic radiographs did not reveal any significant findings. Abdominal ultrasound was suspicious for gastric pathology or a possible foreign body. The final diagnosis of an oesophagogastric intussusception with an S. lupi noduleat the cardia was made on post-mortem. Oesophageal intussusceptions are rare in dogs and often fatal. Gastro-oesophageal intussusceptions usually present with obvious radiographic signs in the caudal thorax, unlike an oesophagogastric intussusception, where the pathologylies within the abdomen and may not be readily diagnosed. Although spirocercosis often presents with a caudal oesophageal mass, this may not be seen radiographically. In this case,the two conditions were present together but the thoracic radiographs were normal.

Keywords

Spirocerca Lupi; Gastro-oesophageal intussusception

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