Review Article

Potential plant poisonings in dogs and cats in southern Africa : review article

C.J. Botha, M-L. Penrith
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 80, No 2 | a173 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v80i2.173 | © 2009 C.J. Botha, M-L. Penrith | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 May 2009 | Published: 22 May 2009

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C.J. Botha,
M-L. Penrith,

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Abstract

Plant poisoning occurs less commonly in dogs and cats than in herbivorous livestock, but numerous cases have been documented worldwide, most of them caused by common and internationally widely cultivated ornamental garden and house plants. Few cases of poisoning of cats and dogs have been reported in southern Africa, but many of the plants that have caused poisoning in these species elsewhere are widely available in the subregion and are briefly reviewed in terms of toxic principles, toxicity, species affected, clinical signs, and prognosis. The list includes Melia azedarach (syringa), Brunfelsia spp. (yesterday, today and tomorrow), Datura stramonium (jimsonweed, stinkblaar), a wide variety of lilies and lily-like plants, cycads, plants that contain soluble oxalates, plants containing cardiac glycosides and other cardiotoxins and euphorbias (Euphorbia pulcherrima, E. tirucalli). Poisoning by plant products such as macadamia nuts, onions and garlic, grapes and raisins, cannabis (marijuana, dagga) or hashish and castor oil seed or seedcake is also discussed. Many of the poisonings are not usually fatal, but others frequently result in death unless rapid action is taken by the owner and the veterinarian, underlining the importance of awareness of the poisonous potential of a number of familiar plants.

Keywords

cats; dogs; intoxications; poisoning; poisonous plants

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