Original Research

Demographics, distribution, ownership and naming patterns of pets presented to a mobile clinic for sterilisation in Namibia

Ian J.M. Baines, Sharon Baines, Borden Mushonga, Brighton Gorejena, Priscilla Mbiri, Alaster Samkange, Erick Kandiwa, Oscar Madzingira
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 91 | a2006 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v91i0.2006 | © 2020 Ian J.M. Baines, Sharon Baines, Borden Mushonga, Brighton Gorejena, Priscilla Mbiri, Alaster Samkange, Erick Kandiwa, Oscar Madzingira | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 July 2019 | Published: 29 April 2020

About the author(s)

Ian J.M. Baines, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Sharon Baines, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Borden Mushonga, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Brighton Gorejena, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Priscilla Mbiri, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Alaster Samkange, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Erick Kandiwa, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Oscar Madzingira, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia


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Abstract

This study analysed the demographics, spatial distribution, ownership and naming patterns of dogs and cats presented to the University of Namibia’s veterinary mobile clinic for sterilisation from small underserved towns around Namibia. The proportional distribution of pets was determined based on species, sex, age, owner gender, town of origin and naming categories. Overall, 84.4% (n = 2909) of the animals presented for sterilisation were dogs and the remainder were cats (15.6%, n = 539). Of the dogs presented for sterilisation, 51.9% (n = 1509) were male and 48.1% (n = 1400) were female. In cats, 51.4% (n = 277) were male, whilst 48.6% (n = 262) were female. Overall, the majority of pets (68.2%) were presented for sterilisation from urban areas than rural areas (31.8%). About 49.8% of men and 24.2% of women that presented pets for sterilisation came from urban areas, whilst 20.1% of the women and 11.7% of the men that presented pets for sterilisation were from rural areas. Of all the pets presented for sterilisation, the majority were male-owned (64%, n = 2206). Pets were mainly presented for sterilisation at < 2 years (41.1%), 2 to < 4 years (32.4%) and 4 to < 6 years (15.4%). The naming of pets was mainly after people (42.4%), circumstances (20.6%) and appearance (15.5%). This community engagement exercise yielded valuable demographic data indicating that pet origin, sex and species and owner gender were important factors in determining the voluntary presentation of pets for sterilisation in the study area.

Keywords

Namibia; mobile clinic; sterilisation; dogs and cat; ownership.

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