Original Research

Gross morphological features of plexus brachialis in the chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera)

A. Cevik-Demirkan, V. Ozdemir, I. Demirkan, I. Turkmenoglu
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 78, No 1 | a281 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v78i1.281 | © 2007 A. Cevik-Demirkan, V. Ozdemir, I. Demirkan, I. Turkmenoglu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 May 2007 | Published: 31 May 2007

About the author(s)

A. Cevik-Demirkan,
V. Ozdemir,
I. Demirkan,
I. Turkmenoglu,

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Abstract

This study documents the detailed features of the morphological structure and the innervation areas of the plexus brachialis in the chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera). The animals (5 female and 5 male) were euthanased with ketamine hydrocloride and xylazine hydrocloride combination, 60 mg/kg and 6 mg/kg, respectively. Skin, muscles and nerves were dissected under a stereo-microscope. The brachial plexus of the chinchilla is formed by rami ventrales of C5-C8, T1 and T2, and possesses a single truncus. The subscapular nerve is formed by the rami of the spinal nerves originating from C6 (one thin ramus) and C7 (one thick and 2 thin rami). These nerves innervate the subscapular and teres minor muscles. The long thoracic nerve, before joining with the brachial plexus, obtains branches from C6 and C7 in 5 cadavers (3 male, 2 female), from C7 in 4 cadavers (2 male, 2 female) and from C6-C8 in only 1 female cadaver. These nerves disperse in variable combinations to form the extrinsic and intrinstic named, nerves of the thoracic limb. An undefined nerve branch originates from the rami ventrales of C7, C8 and T1 spinal nerves enter the coracobrachial muscle.

Keywords

Brachial Plexus; Chinchilla; Spinal Nerves

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