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Atypical dermatophilosis of sheep in Kenya : clinical communication

J.K. Wabacha, C.M. Mulei, N.P. Gitonga, M.J. Njenga, A.G. Thaiyah, J. Nduhiu
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 78, No 3 | a314 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v78i3.314 | © 2007 J.K. Wabacha, C.M. Mulei, N.P. Gitonga, M.J. Njenga, A.G. Thaiyah, J. Nduhiu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 June 2007 | Published: 04 June 2007

About the author(s)

J.K. Wabacha,
C.M. Mulei,
N.P. Gitonga,
M.J. Njenga,
A.G. Thaiyah,
J. Nduhiu,

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Abstract

An outbreak of an atypical form of ovine dermatophilosis affecting the lips and muzzle with a very high morbidity in weaners and hoggets in Kenya is reported. Clinical diagnosis of ovine dermatophilosis was made and confirmed by direct microscopic examination as well as isolation and identification of Dermatophilus congolensis from scab material from the affected sheep. The morbidity rate within the flock was 31.8 % (237 / 745) with 98.3 % (233 / 237) of the affected sheep being weaners and hoggets. No fatalities were recorded. The lesions, confined in the lips and the muzzle, were swelling of both the upper and lower lips, circumscribed lumps in the skin of both the upper and lower lips, oedema of the head and the submandibular area and scabs and crusts on the lips and muzzle. Within 1 week following treatment with long acting oxytetracycline (20 %) at a rate of 20 mg/kg body weight, intramuscularly and a topical application of oxytetracycline spray, lumps regressed in size and were covered by dark-brown scabs. Removal of the dark-brown scabs revealed erythematous areas covered with purulent material and horny erythematous projections (papillae) projecting from the surfaces. Within the 2nd week, the horny erythematous projections formed greyish scabs, which later peeled off leaving alopaecic areas around the lips. The paper highlights atypical dermatophilosis of sheep and we believe that this is the first published report of an outbreak of ovine dermatophilosis in Kenya.

Keywords

Atypical Clinical Presentation; Dermatophilosis; Ovine

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