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Ipsilateral vascularised ulnar transposition autograft for limb-sparing surgery of the distal radius in 2 dogs with osteosarcoma : clinical communication

G.S. Irvine-Smith, R.G. Lobetti
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 77, No 3 | a364 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v77i3.364 | © 2006 G.S. Irvine-Smith, R.G. Lobetti | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 June 2006 | Published: 08 June 2006

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G.S. Irvine-Smith,
R.G. Lobetti,

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Abstract

Canine osteosarcoma is the most commonly diagnosed primary bone tumour in the dog, affecting mainly large and giant breed dogs with the predilection site being the metaphysis of long bones, specifically the distal radius, proximal humerus, distal femur and proximal tibia and fibula. Treatment options are either palliative or curative intent therapy, the latter limb amputation or limb-sparing surgery together with chemotherapy. This article describes the use of an ipsilateral vascularised ulnar transposition autograft as well as chemotherapy in 2 dogs with osteosarcoma of the distal radius. Both dogs showed minimal complications with the technique and both survived over 381 days following the surgery. Complications seen were loosening of the screws and osteomyelitis. The procedure was well tolerated with excellent limb use. This technique is indicated for use in cases with small tumour size that have not broken through the bone cortex.

Keywords

Bone Cancer; Chemotherapy; Radius; Surgery; Vascularised Autograft

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Crossref Citations

1. Outcomes of Limb-Sparing Surgery Using Two Generations of Metal Endoprosthesis in 45 Dogs With Distal Radial Osteosarcoma. A Veterinary Society of Surgical Oncology Retrospective Study
Katherine E. Mitchell, Sarah E. Boston, Marvin Kung, Sarah Dry, Rod C. Straw, Nicole P. Ehrhart, Stewart D. Ryan
Veterinary Surgery  vol: 45  issue: 1  first page: 36  year: 2016  
doi: 10.1111/vsu.12423