Septic pericarditis and pneumopericardium in a dog with an oesophageal foreign body

Authors

  • Willem J Botha University of Pretoria
  • Varaidzo Mukorera University of Pretoria
  • Robert M Kirberger University of Pretoria

Abstract

A 5-year-old, intact, male Yorkshire Terrier presented with a 6-day history of lethargy and anorexia. Clinical examination revealed dental plaque accumulation, abdominal effort during respiration and muffled heart sounds. Thoracic radiographs revealed an enlarged globoid cardiac silhouette and mild pneumopericardium, transthoracic ultrasonography revealed a pericardial effusion after which pericardiocentesis, cytology and culture diagnosed septic pericarditis. Three multidrug-resistant bacteria were isolated, two of which have been implicated in gas-producing infections before. Medical management failed to resolve the
pericarditis and euthanasia was opted for. A chronic osseocartilaginous oesophageal foreign body cranial to the heart base was found on necropsy. Septic pericarditis and pneumopericardium are rare conditions in dogs. This is the first case to describe a multidrug-resistant polybacterial aetiology causing mild pneumopericardium and only the second case to describe septic
pericarditis associated with an oesophageal foreign body.

Author Biographies

Willem J Botha, University of Pretoria

Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Varaidzo Mukorera, University of Pretoria

Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Robert M Kirberger, University of Pretoria

Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Published

2021-12-09

Issue

Section

Case Report