Original Research

Efficacy of orally administered powdered aloe juice (Aloe ferox) against ticks on cattle and ticks and fleas on dogs

J.J. Fourie, L.J. Fourie, I.G. Horak
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 76, No 4 | a425 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v76i4.425 | © 2005 J.J. Fourie, L.J. Fourie, I.G. Horak | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 June 2005 | Published: 15 June 2005

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J.J. Fourie,
L.J. Fourie,
I.G. Horak,

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Abstract

The efficacy of orally administered powdered aloe juice (Aloe ferox) was evaluated against ticks on cattle and against ticks and fleas on dogs. Twelve calves were each infested over a 25-day period with approximately 4000 larvae of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus and allocated to 3 groups of 4 calves each. Three days after the last larval infestation and daily for 22 days thereafter, the calves in 1 group were fed 5 mg / kg body weight and those in another 25 mg / kg body weight of powdered aloe juice incorporated in game maintenance pellets, while the animals in the 3rd group received only pellets. Detached female ticks were collected daily and counted and the weights and the fertility of groups of 50 engorged female ticks collected from the animals were ascertained. The powdered aloe juice in the game maintenance pellets had no effect on the tick burdens of the calves or on the fertility of the ticks. Six dogs, in each of 2 groups, were treated daily for 15 consecutive days, commencing on Day -5 before the 1st tick infestation, with either 0.39 g or 0.74 g of powdered aloe juice, administered orally in gelatin capsules, while a 3rd group of 6 dogs served as untreated controls. All the dogs were challenged with Haemaphysalis leachi on Days 0 and +7, and with Ctenocephalides felis on Days+1and +8, and efficacy assessments were made 1 day after flea and 2 days after tick challenge, respectively. Treatment was not effective against ticks or fleas on the dogs.

Keywords

Aloe Ferox; Antiparasitic; Calves; Dogs; Fleas; Powdered Aloe Juice; Ticks; Traditional Medicine

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