Original Research

Prevalence of genital campylobacteriosis and trichomonosis in crossbred breeding bulls kept on zero-grazed smallholder dairy farms in the Tanga region of Tanzania

E.S. Swai, J. Hulsebosch, W. Van der Heijden
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 76, No 4 | a431 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v76i4.431 | © 2005 E.S. Swai, J. Hulsebosch, W. Van der Heijden | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 June 2005 | Published: 15 June 2005

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E.S. Swai,
J. Hulsebosch,
W. Van der Heijden,

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Abstract

A survey to demonstrate the presence or absence of genital campylobacteriosis and trichomonosis in cross-bred breeding bulls kept under smallholding dairy farms in the Tanga region of Tanzania was carried out during the period of January-June 1996. Sheath washings, swabs and preputial scrapings were collected from 58 randomly selected bulls. Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis was demonstrated in 3/58 (5.1 %) and Tritrichomonas foetus in 0/58 (0 %) of all bulls tested. Bull-level variables of level of taurine genes (62.5 % taurine genes, F2; 75 % taurine genes, F3) and age were not significantly associated with campylobacteriosis (P > 0.05). The result of the study identifies Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerelias as the agent of enzootic infertility in smallholder herds and suggests that may be a significant problem.

Keywords

Breeding Bulls; Campylobacter Fetus Subsp; Venerealis; Prevalence; Smallholder; Tanzania; Tritrichomonas Foetus

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