Short Communication

Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism in a white lion cub (Panthera leo), with concomitant radiographic double cortical line : clinical communication

V. Herz, R.M. Kirberger
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 75, No 1 | a450 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v75i1.450 | © 2004 V. Herz, R.M. Kirberger | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 June 2004 | Published: 18 June 2004

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V. Herz,
R.M. Kirberger,

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Abstract

A captive-bred white lion cub was presented with hindquarter pain, lameness and reluctance to move. Radiographs revealed generalised osteoapenia, multiple fractures, a severely collapsed pelvic girdle, bilateral lateral bowing of the scapulae and mild kyphosis of the caudal vertebrae.Adouble cortical line, a distinct sign of osteopaenia, was repeatedly seen on the pelvic limbs, most strikingly along both femurs. Based on radiographic findings and a history of an exclusive meat diet since weaning, a diagnosis of nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism was made. The diet was changed to a commercial kitten food and the cub was given cage rest for 6 weeks. Signs of pain abated and the cub became more active.A guarded prognosis was given for full recovery, as changes to the pelvis were considered potentially irreversible.

Keywords

Calcium; Double Cortical Line; Lion; Nutritional Secondary Hyperparathyroidism; Osteopaenia; Panthera Leo; Phosphorous

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