Original Research

Knowledge and attitudes of cattle owners regarding trypanosomosis control in tsetse-infested areas of Uganda

J.W. Magona, J. Walubengo, W. Olaho-Mukani
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 75, No 4 | a478 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v75i4.478 | © 2004 J.W. Magona, J. Walubengo, W. Olaho-Mukani | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 June 2004 | Published: 21 June 2004

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J.W. Magona,
J. Walubengo,
W. Olaho-Mukani,

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Abstract

Apilot survey using a structured questionnaire was conducted in Tororo and Busia districts of Uganda on the knowledge and attitudes of cattle owners regarding tsetse fly and trypanosomosis control, in order to understand factors that hindered their full participation. A total of 81 cattle owners was randomly selected and interviewed, of which 92.5 % were aware of tsetse flies and trypanosomosis and 87.6%recognised animal trypanosomosis as a problem in the area. Most cattle owners were aware of tsetse fly trapping (76.5 %), isometamidium chloride use (55.5 %), diminazene aceturate use (48 %) and pour-on applications (18.5 %). However, knowledge did not coincide with the application of control measures. Despite the widespread awareness, tsetse fly trapping and pour-on applications were used by only a small percentage of cattle owners (7.5 % applied tsetse fly trapping while 76.5%were aware of it; 1.2%applied pour-oninsecticides while 18.5%were aware of them). Differences between awareness and application were highly significant for tsetse fly trapping (c2=67.8, d.f.=1, P<0.001) and pour-on applications (c2=10.8, d.f.=1, P<0.05), but not for isometamidium chloride use (c2 = 0.08, d.f. = 1, P = 0.77) and diminazene aceturate use (c2 = 0.00, d.f. = 1, P = 1.00). Most cattle owners (97.5 %) were willing to participate in future control programmes, but preferred participating on a group basis (85.2 %) rather than individually (14.8 %). The 4 most favoured control options in order of importance were: fly traps supplied by the government and maintained by cattle owners; contribution of labour by cattle owners for trap deployment; self-financing of trypanocidal drugs and self-financing of pour-on insecticide. The control options that should be selected in order to elicit full participation by cattle owners are discussed.

Keywords

Cattle; Trypanosomosis; Tsetse Fly; Uganda

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