Original Research

A pilot study of common health problems in smallholder pigs in Angónia and Boane districts, Mozambique

C. Matos, C. Sitoe, S. Afonso, J. Banze, J. Baptista, G. Dias, F. Rodrigues, A. Atanásio, A. Nhamusso, M-L. Penrith, A. L. Willingham III
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 82, No 3 | a55 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v82i3.55 | © 2011 C. Matos, C. Sitoe, S. Afonso, J. Banze, J. Baptista, G. Dias, F. Rodrigues, A. Atanásio, A. Nhamusso, M-L. Penrith, A. L. Willingham III | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 April 2011 | Published: 13 April 2011

About the author(s)

C. Matos, Direcção de Sciencias Animais, Instituto de Investigação Agrícola de Moçambique., Mozambique
C. Sitoe, Direcção de Sciencias Animais, Instituto de Investigação Agrícola de Moçambique., Mozambique
S. Afonso, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Moçambique., Mozambique
J. Banze, Direcção de Sciencias Animais, Instituto de Investigação Agrícola de Moçambique., Mozambique
J. Baptista, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Moçambique., Mozambique
G. Dias, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Moçambique., Mozambique
F. Rodrigues, Direcção Nacional de Pecuária, Ministério de Agricultura, Maputo, Mozambique., Mozambique
A. Atanásio, Direcção de Sciencias Animais, Instituto de Investigação Agrícola de Moçambique., Mozambique
A. Nhamusso, Direcção de Sciencias Animais, Instituto de Investigação Agrícola de Moçambique., Mozambique
M-L. Penrith, Direcção de Sciencias Animais, Instituto de Investigação Agrícola de Moçambique. Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa. TAD Scientific, Pretoria, South Africa., South Africa
A. L. Willingham III, WHO/FAO Collaborating Center for Neglected and Other Parasitic Zoonoses, Section for Parasitology, Health and Development, Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlaegevej 100, 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark., Denmark

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Abstract

Apilot survey was conducted in 2 districts in Mozambique to determine the most important health problems facing smallholder pig producers. While African swine fever is the most serious disease that affects pigs at all levels of production in Mozambique, it is likely that productivity is reduced by the presence of mange and gastrointestinal parasites, while in traditional systems the conditions are favourable for the development of porcine cysticercosis caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium, which poses a health risk to communities. Results of the pilot survey confirmed that, with the exception of African swine fever, ecto- and endoparasites are probably the most important health risks for producers. Porcine cysticercosis is more prevalent among pigs in traditional, free-ranging systems, while mange becomes a serious factor when pigs are permanently confined.

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