Case Report

Gastric Ollulanus tricuspis infection identified in captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) with chronic vomiting : case report

M.G. Collett, W.E. Pomroy, W.G. Guilford, A.C. Johnstone, B.J. Blanchard, S.G. Mirams
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 71, No 4 | a727 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v71i4.727 | © 2000 M.G. Collett, W.E. Pomroy, W.G. Guilford, A.C. Johnstone, B.J. Blanchard, S.G. Mirams | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 July 2000 | Published: 10 July 2000

About the author(s)

M.G. Collett,
W.E. Pomroy,
W.G. Guilford,
A.C. Johnstone,
B.J. Blanchard,
S.G. Mirams,

Full Text:

PDF (100KB)

Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Gastritis, vomition and weight loss are common in captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus). Gastric spiral bacteria (Helicobacter spp.) and the very small, viviparous nematode Ollulanus tricuspis, a stomach worm of cats, are believed to be important causes. Three sibling cheetahs at Wellington Zoo, New Zealand, developed chronic vomiting, diarrhoea and debility. Their parents were both South African-born. Response to antibacterial treatment was poor. Endoscopic examinations revealed chronic lymphoplasmacytic gastritis and Ollulanus infection. Treatment with oxfendazole and pyrantel embonate resulted in clinical improvement; however, 1 cheetah, which died 7 months later as a result of a ruptured liver due to hepatic amyloidosis, still had Ollulanus worms present in her stomach. Ollulanus tricuspis is a significant cause of gastritis and vomiting in captive cheetahs, lions and tigers, as well as wild cougars and tigers. The parasite has not yet been found in sub-Saharan Africa. Because of the unusual characteristics of this parasite, the literature on its life history and techniques for diagnosis is reviewed.

Keywords

Cheetah; Gastritis; Ill-Thrift; Nematoda; Ollulanus Tricuspis; Parasitology; Pathology; Vomiting; Wildlife; Zoological Garden

Metrics

Total abstract views: 2024
Total article views: 3766

 

Crossref Citations

1. Demonstration of Ollulanus tricuspis in the Stomach of Domestic Cats by Biopsy
R. Cecchi, S.J. Wills, R. Dean, G.R. Pearson
Journal of Comparative Pathology  vol: 134  issue: 4  first page: 374  year: 2006  
doi: 10.1016/j.jcpa.2006.02.003