Original Research

Stability of cardiodynamic and some blood parameters in the baboon following intravenous anaesthesia with ketamine and diazepam

W.J. Du Plooy, P.J. Schutte, J. Still, L. Hay, C.P. Kahler
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 69, No 1 | a803 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v69i1.803 | © 1998 W.J. Du Plooy, P.J. Schutte, J. Still, L. Hay, C.P. Kahler | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 July 1998 | Published: 12 July 1998

About the author(s)

W.J. Du Plooy,
P.J. Schutte,
J. Still,
L. Hay,
C.P. Kahler,

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Abstract

The stability of cardiodynamic and some blood parameters during a slow, continuous infusion of a combination of ketamine and diazepam is reported. Contractility (dP/dt), myocardial relaxation (Tln), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), arterial blood pressure and certain blood parameters were assessed in 3 male and 3 female juvenile baboons (Papio ursinus). Anaesthesia was induced with 15 mg/kg ketamine IM and maintained with a continuous IV infusion (40-60 mℓ/h) of ketamine and diazepam. The mixture consisted of 2 mℓ ketamine (100 mg/mℓ), 2 mℓ diazepam (5 mg/mℓ) and 50 mℓ saline. A period of 75 + 10 min was allowed for preparation of the animals, after which lead II of the ECG, femoral artery blood pressure and left ventricular pressure were recorded at 15-min intervals for a period of 2 h: the total duration of anaesthesia was 195 min. Arterial blood samples were analysed at 30-min intervals for blood gases, electrolytes, glucose and insulin. Left ventricular parameters were derived from the left ventricular pressure curve. Tln, LVSP and LVEDP showed small fluctuations. Contractility decreased (p < 0.037) at the 195-min interval. No arrhythmias or ECG changes were seen, while blood pressure decreased gradually. Serum calcium concentration decreased and blood glucose levels increased gradually over time. Anaesthesia and analgesia were sufficient and no other drugs were necessary. The animals appeared sedated and dazed 60-80 min after the procedure. A continuous infusion of a combination of ketamine and diazepam for a duration of 150 min can provide stable anaesthesia for cardiodynamic measurements.

Keywords

Diazepam; Intravenous Anaesthesia; Isovolumic Relaxation; Ketamine; Myocardial Contractility

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