Case Report

An outbreak of urticarial form of swine erysipelas in a medium-scale piggery in Kiambu District, Kenya : case reoprt

J.K. Wabacha, G.K. Gitau, J.M. Nduhiu, A.G. Thaiya, P.M.F. Mbithi, S.J.M. Munyua
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 69, No 2 | a818 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v69i2.818 | © 1998 J.K. Wabacha, G.K. Gitau, J.M. Nduhiu, A.G. Thaiya, P.M.F. Mbithi, S.J.M. Munyua | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 July 1998 | Published: 12 July 1998

About the author(s)

J.K. Wabacha,
G.K. Gitau,
J.M. Nduhiu,
A.G. Thaiya,
P.M.F. Mbithi,
S.J.M. Munyua,

Full Text:

PDF (116KB)

Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

This report concerns an outbreak that occurred during July/August 1997. Ten pigs from a herd of 181 pigs in a medium-scale, semi-closed piggery in Kiambu District, Kenya, contracted the clinical disease. The main clinical findings in affected pigs included: fever (40.5-41.8 oC), prostration, inappetence, dog-sitting posture, abortion, erythema and raised, firm to the touch and easily palpated light pink to dark purple diamond-shaped to square/rectangular spots on the skin around the belly and the back. Based on the pathognomonic skin lesions, a clinical diagnosis of swine erysipelas was made. The diagnosis was confirmed by the isolation of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae organisms from the blood and skin biopsies taken from the affected pigs. Response to treatment with a combination of procaine penicillin and dihydrostreptomycin at the dosage rate of 20 000 IU/kg body weight (based on procaine penicillin) for 3 days was good and all the affected pigs recovered fully. The farm was placed under quarantine to prevent spread of the disease.

Keywords

Erysipelas; Kenya; Pigs; Urticaria

Metrics

Total abstract views: 1429
Total article views: 2410


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.