Short Communication

A survey of anthelmintic resistance on ten sheep farms in Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe : research communication

S. Mukaratirwa, R. Charakupa, T. Hove
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 68, No 4 | a896 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v68i4.896 | © 1997 S. Mukaratirwa, R. Charakupa, T. Hove | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 July 1997 | Published: 13 July 1997

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S. Mukaratirwa,
R. Charakupa,
T. Hove,

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Abstract

A survey to detect anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep was conducted on 10 randomly-distributed farms in the Chivhu District, Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe. Before the survey, a questionnaire was circulated to the farmers concerning nematode parasite control. Results showed that parasite control using anthelmintic treatment was the only method practised and that the benzimidazoles were the most frequently used anthelmintic drugs. The faecal egg count reduction test was used to detect resistance. The anthelmintic groups tested were benzimidazoles, levamisole and ivermectin. Resistance to benzimidazoles was detected on 6 of 10 farms and levamisole resistance on 2 of 3 farms. Ivermectin resistance was not observed on the farms surveyed. Post-treatment larval cultures indicated that Haemonchus contortus survived administration of fenbendazole, albendazole, oxfendazole and levamisole. A Cooperia sp. strain resistant to albendazole was detected and this is the first report in Zimbabwe of a resistant parasite in this genus.

Keywords

Anthelmintic Resistance; Cooperia Sp; Haemonchus Contortus; Sheep Nematodes

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