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A comparison between tick species collected in a controlled and control free area on a game ranch in South Africa

Bradley Schroder, Brian K. Reilly
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 84, No 1 | a907 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v84i1.907 | © 2013 Bradley Schroder, Brian K. Reilly | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 July 2012 | Published: 24 April 2013

About the author(s)

Bradley Schroder, Department of Nature Conservation, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Brian K. Reilly, Department of Nature Conservation, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa


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Abstract

Despite the large number of collection records, there are no recent collections of ixodid ticks of this magnitude in the Waterberg area, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Free-living ticks on a commercial game farm were obtained by a total of 432 drag-samples in eight sample sites from September 2003 to August 2008. The ticks were collected to establish the difference between tick species and densities associated with acaricide-controlled (semi-intensive) and control-free areas on a game farm in the Thabazimbi District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. A total of eight tick species were collected, namely Amblyomma hebraeum, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus, Haemaphysalis elliptica, Hyalomma rufipes, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, Rhipicephalus zambeziensis and Rhipicephalus spp. The most abundant tick species collected was Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus. The difference in species and numbers reflects the effectiveness of acaricide treatment against ticks and its relevance to tick numbers on a game farm.

Keywords

Commercial game farm, free-living ticks, tick infestation, blood parasites, tick-borne diseases, drag-sampling, controlled area, control free area, acaricide.

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