Case Report

Aspiration lung disorders in bovines: A case report and review

Anthony S. Shakespeare
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 83, No 1 | a921 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v83i1.921 | © 2012 Anthony S. Shakespeare | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 August 2012 | Published: 01 November 2012

About the author(s)

Anthony S. Shakespeare, Department of Production Animal Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

Lung aspiration disorders in bovines are invariably diagnosed as infectious aspiration pneumonias. There is a distinct differentiation between aspiration pneumonia and aspiration pneumonitis in humans that can be applied to bovines. The nature and quantity of the aspirate can result in differing pathogeneses which can require differing therapeutic approaches. Whilst blood gases were important in detecting and prognosticating lung problems, changes in barometric pressure with altitude have to be considered when interpreting partial pressures of oxygen. Anatomical differences in the lungs of bovines can explain why this species is more prone to certain pneumonic problems. Pulmonary physiotherapy is important in treating lung disorders in humans and should be considered as an adjunct therapy in bovine respiratory conditions. A case work-up was used to highlight some of the points discussed in this article.

Keywords

altitude; aspiration; barometric pressure; PAO2; physiotherapy; pneumonia; pneumonitis

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Crossref Citations

1. Aspiration pneumonitis (Mendelson's syndrome) as perianaesthetic complication occurring in two horses: A case report
P. Monticelli, C. Adami
Equine Veterinary Education  vol: 31  issue: 4  first page: 183  year: 2019  
doi: 10.1111/eve.12781