Original Research

Description of the pathology of a gazelle that died during a major outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in Israel : clinical communication

A. Berkowitz, T. Waner, R. King, H. Yadin, S. Perl
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association | Vol 81, No 1 | a99 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v81i1.99 | © 2010 A. Berkowitz, T. Waner, R. King, H. Yadin, S. Perl | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 May 2010 | Published: 03 May 2010

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A. Berkowitz,
T. Waner,
R. King,
H. Yadin,
S. Perl,

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Abstract

Naturally occurring foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in wildlife is a relatively mild condition but occasionally it can be devastating as has been documented in impala in South Africa and in mountain gazelles in Israel. This report describes pathological changes in an adult male gazelle with FMD from an outbreak in the Nature Reserve of Ramot-Issachar region and the lower Galilee in Israel. The outbreak was characterised by the malignant form of the disease, which is uncommon among domestic animals. Lesions observed included, ulceration in the oral cavity, oesophagus and ruminal pillars, coronitis, multifocal cardiac necrosis and pancreatic necrosis and inflammation. Pneumonia, caused by Muellerius capillaries was an incidental finding.

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1. Foot and mouth disease in a wide range of wild hosts: a potential constraint in disease control efforts worldwide particularly in disease-endemic settings
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